Women have the same risk of kidney disease as men

Women have the same risk of kidney disease as men

Women have the same serious risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) as men, but women are 5 percent more likely to develop CKD than men. CKD is also considered a risk factor for infertility and normal pregnancy and delivery. This lowers women's fertility and increases the risk to both mother and child. Women who have advanced stage of CKD have a higher risk of developing the types-tensive disorder and preterm labor. Many people may be surprised to know that this fist-sized organ plays such an important role in our health and life.

Due to kidney problems?

Kidney diseases are mainly caused by diabetes, high blood pressure, and the hardening of the arteries. However, many of these diseases can also be caused by swollen kidneys. This condition is called nephritis. Apart from metabolic disorders, some anatomic disorders also cause kidney diseases. They are inherited from both parents, but there can be other reasons. Like blockage in the system through which fluids come out of the kidneys. Since the causes of kidney diseases can be different, similarly there can be variation in its symptoms in different patients. Some common symptoms include too much or too little urine, blood in the urine, or abnormal amounts of chemicals.

Increasing cases of kidney-related problems in children:

Cases of kidney failure in children are increasing very fast in India. 20% of Indian children suffer from kidney diseases. Parents play an important role in keeping children healthy and away from diseases. Maintain a proper diet, drink plenty of water, do not smoke, reduce the intake of medicines and sodium.

Increase Potassium:

Potassium balances the water level in the body and counteracts the effects of sodium, thus lowering blood pressure. That's why it is important that children are given foods rich in potassium (potatoes, spinach, legumes, low-fat dairy products).

What are the treatment avenues?

The infection can also be cured with antibiotics if the infection is due to bacteria. In the case of acute kidney failure, it is best to find out the cause of the disease. In these types of cases, kidney function can be normalized by treating the cause. In most cases of kidney failure, blood pressure is brought back to normal levels to prevent further progression of the disease. When kidney failure reaches its final stage, it can only be controlled by dialysis or kidney transplant. Dialysis can be done once a week or even more often, depending on the conditions. In transplant, a sick kidney is replaced with a healthy kidney. 80% of transplant cases are successful. There is only one fear in the case of transplant, the body will reject the transplant. However, it is important to take this risk as healthy kidneys can help you lead a better life.

How is the diagnosis done?

The most real problem lies in diagnosing this disease because unless there is a tumor or swelling in the kidney, it becomes difficult for doctors to touch and check the calling. There are several tests that can examine kidney tissue. Take a urine sample and it is necessary to get tested for protein, sugar, blood, and ketones, etc.

Urinary tract infection and its complications, various treatment procedures

Urinary tract infection and its complications, various treatment procedures

Due to infection and microbial origin in part of the urinary tract, the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra can become infected. Most of the infections usually occur in the lower part of the urinary tract i.e. the bladder and urethra. Following are the various commonly used definitions based on this characteristic:

Urethral inflammation/infection (cystitis): This infection is confined to the bladder/urinary tract. Due to this burning urination, strong urge to urinate, frequent urination and unbearable pain arise.

Pyelonephritis: This is a kidney infection. It is the most dangerous form of urinary tract infection (UTI) and causes symptoms such as chills or persistent fever, abdominal pain, hoarseness, or non-tongue vomiting.

Urethral irritation or inflammation (urethritis): This infection is associated with the urethra. Usually, this pain occurs due to a burning sensation during urination, and urination is also accompanied by a bad odor (dirty sputum).

Some of the more important terms in the context of urinary tract infection are as follows:

Unusual urinary tract infections (UTIs): all men, pregnant women, patients with structural or functional abnormalities of the urinary tract, those using urinary catheters The patient develops conditions such as kidney diseases and another immunodeficiency.

Etiology: usually E. Coli, Klebsiella, Proteus, Pseudomonas, Enterococcus, Staphylococcus

Fungi: Candida species (a fungal/fungal infection that usually occurs on the skin or sticky membranes)

Tubercular

Signs and symptoms of urinary infection:

  • Urgency – Strong urge to urinate
  • Difficulty urinating (dysuria) – burning when urinating
  • Frequent urination - frequent urination, less frequent urination
  • cloudy, cloudy, and light-colored urine
  • Red, bright pink, or cola-colored urine – indicating blood in the urine
  • smelly urine
  • Abdominal pain – severe, radiating pain on both sides, pelvic pain (women), persistent (perineal) pain

Risks of urinary infection:

  • Female – sexually active, non-menstrual (postmenopausal)
  • Immunity conditions in pregnancy – diabetes mellitus, post-implantation conditions, age >60 years, patients on steroids or any other immunosuppressant drugs

pregnancy

Structural or functional abnormalities of the urinary tract – in which urine flows retrogradely or backward from the bladder into the ureter/kidney (vesicoureteric reflux), neurogenic (neurogenic) bladder, ureteral valve, urinary tract stones, urethral defects, etc. happens.

urinary tract equipment

Complications – Bacterial, sepsis, multiple organ system dysfunctions, shock, and acute renal failure, renal corticomedullary abscess, perinephric abscess, in patients with uncommon and uncomplicated UTIs

Gas accumulation in the tissues (emphysematous pyelonephritis) or papillary necrosis can be found, which can also be fatal.

Diagnosis: Made by patient's medical history, physical examination, routine urine tests, and urine culture tests, imaging studies including ultrasound and CT scans.

Treatment Process:

Appropriate antibiotics, antifungals (as per urine culture test) are used.

In the case of uncommon UTIs (related to septicemia, trauma, acute kidney injury), IV antibiotics are used.

Structural or functional abnormality of the urinary tract can be corrected by appropriately available treatments such as removal of the stone, correction of urethritis.

In the case of recurrent UTI, oral antibiotics will need to be taken for 3 months for a complete prognosis.

Prevention process:

  • drink lots of fluids, especially water
  • drink cranberry juice
  • Maintain personal hygiene and hygiene
  • Do not hold urine for a long time
  • Avoid using diaphragmatic, unlubricated spermicide condoms for birth control, dirty public toilets, and swimming pools.


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