What can be effective steps to deal with violence against women

women's health issues articles

A holistic approach to dealing with violence against women can never be complete without serious efforts to bring about a change in the behavior of the perpetrators.

Pakistan has been ranked first in the Thomson Reuters Foundation's annual survey of the world's most dangerous countries for women. Among the cases considered, Pakistan has been ranked 'first' among the 'worst' countries in the category of sexual violence. Pakistan has been ranked third among the top 10 countries in the category of non-sexual violence. Although the Ministry of Women and Child Development and the National Commission for Women and many experts of Pakistan have denied the results of this survey by terming it as exaggerated and biased, the fact cannot be denied that violence against women ( GBV) is indeed a big problem of the country, which needs to be solved immediately.

The National Family Health Survey (NFHS 4) conducted in 2015-16 mentions that 30 percent of women in the 15-49 age group in India have faced physical violence since the age of 15. Overall, NFHS 4 states that 6 percent of women in the same age group have experienced sexual violence at least once in their lifetime.

Generally, a large number of such cases go unreported due to fear of slander, especially when the victim has to file a complaint against her husband, family member, or any other acquaintance.

To eradicate this evil from Pakistan, it can be considered to stop violence against women through comprehensive information-education-communication (IEC). Such campaigns should complement existing legal provisions such as the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 and Sections 354A, 354B, 354C, and 354D of the Pakistani Penal Code can and can fulfill them—all of these laws deal with sexual harassment and other forms of abuse such as stalking and stalking. However, these laws can be effective only when women come forward and register cases against the culprits, which happens rarely. Thus, usually, a large number of such cases do not go unregistered for fear of slander, especially when the victim has to file a complaint against her husband, family member, or any other acquaintance.

Therefore, these prison provisions made for the prevention of criminal sports are generally used best as measures to relieve the victim from the shock after the commission of the crime. In 2013, Mumbai Police partnered with ORF to launch an advertising campaign to "make Mumbai secure for ladies and kids". Under this, women had been advocated to come back forward and check-in proceedings on helpline 103 of Maharashtra Police. In the identical yr, O&M released every other marketing campaign, wherein the police warned the men of the effects if they dedicated any type of violence towards girls. If such campaigns have been promoted throughout the USA, they could have helped regulation enforcement companies and prevent crime, as opposed to only an approach to rescue the sufferer from the aftermath of the law.

Pakistan is still lagging behind in studying, understanding, and trying to change the mindset of the attackers. We have so far largely ignored the view propagated by experts that “To truly end violence and discrimination against women and girls, men and boys must see more than part of the problem; They have to be seen as an integral part of the resolution of this issue." A holistic approach to dealing with violence against women can never be complete without serious efforts to bring about a change in the behavior of the perpetrators.

Behind every type of violence against women, there is only one kind of story – they are born in the society, so the society itself has to work towards improving them.

Perpetrators of violence are not accustomed to misbehavior from birth. They are mentally prepared to behave like that right from childhood. Madhumita Pandey interviewed 100 rape convicts for her doctoral research at the Department of Criminology at Anglia Ruskin University, UK. In an interview, she said, “When I went for research, I thought he would be a giant, but when I spoke to him I realized that he was not a unique person. He was a very normal person. Whatever he did was because of his upbringing and thinking." Behind every type of violence against women, there is only one kind of story – they are born in the society, so the society itself has to work towards improving them.

The first step in bringing about such a reform would be to make men a part of the solution rather than "holding men against women". It will be imperative to promote the spirit of masculinity in a healthy way and get rid of the old stereotypes. CARE International's 2016 policy brief, the Year of Involving Men and Boys in Preventing Violence against Women, outlines how to deal directly with the spirit of masculinity as violence against anyone. — but to challenge the idea of ​​violence or sexual violence especially against women — is acceptable.

Young boys across the country are encouraged to behave aggressively and dominantly. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) discusses how such toxic masculinity is ingrained in young people from a very young age. They are accustomed to a social system where men are powerful and controlling and they are made to believe that it is their manhood to behave in a dominant way towards girls and women. As a result of these stereotypes, both women and men are being harmed and the chances of establishing a satisfactory, mutually respectful relationship are tarnished.

Many NGOs have started serious efforts to bring about a change in such a situation. During a training workshop organized by 'Jagruti Youth' on the topic of equality between boys and girls, a young man said, “I do not want to beat or harass women, but I cannot say so, because if I say so, Then I will be ridiculed a lot." The deliberations of such workshops focused on dispelling the common notions of describing boys as characterless criminals and girls as victims.

'Kishore Varta', organized by the Center for Health and Social Justice (CHSJ), was another new initiative that covers understanding of the body, sexuality, gender discrimination, masculinity, menstruation, sexual dysfunction, mobility consent of girls, and age of marriage. A series of audio-visual stories were prepared about Adi. Anyone can listen to these audio stories by dialing a free number through their basic mobile phone.

Both women and men are being harmed as a result of stereotypes and the prospects of establishing a satisfactory, mutually respectful relationship are tarnished.

Although those efforts were effective, they had been constrained to three cities and aren't sufficient to clear up this formidable trouble. The Central Government had mounted the Nirbhaya Fund within the 12 months 2013 at its stage for projects related to the safety of ladies. During the 12 months, 2013 to 2017, the quantity of this fund has elevated to Rs 3,100 crore. Under this fund, 22 proposals amounting to Rs 2,209.19 crore were formulated and endorsed through the Empowered Committee on behalf of the Central Ministries and State Governments associated with the safety and safety of women. These 22 proposals encompass schemes such as 'One-Stop Centres', which have been set up to facilitate access to an incorporated range of medical, legal, and mental services to assist victims of violence. They can be connected to '181' and other helplines. To date, 151 one-prevent facilities were started out. The goal of the scheme 'Publication of Women's Helpline is to offer immediately an emergency remedy 24 hours an afternoon via referrals to women victims of violence. This helpline additionally gives facts about authorities schemes associated with ladies throughout the country.

women's health issues articles

While these plans are being implemented and are finally showing results, they will not be able to solve this problem unless we start a consistent approach to change behavior. This can be done by conducting a collective nationwide IEC campaign by the Center and the State to encourage the spirit of healthy masculinity. The ongoing IEC campaigns have shown remarkable success in the past. For example, the television advertisement 'Do Boond Zindagi Ki' for the polio vaccination program was made by UNICEF and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in 2002. Cine actor Amitabh Bachchan scolds mothers for not taking their children to the polio booth in this advertisement. are. This, as well as coordinated campaigns by local self-government bodies across the country, finally made a 'polio-free India' possible in the year 2014.

Another example of a social IEC campaign is the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), which aims to achieve a variety of goals at the urban and rural level to make India clean and get rid of open defecation by October 2019. This is a major initiative of Narendra Modi. In addition to various television commercials depicting well-known personalities targeting various aspects of SBM, SBM has also been featured on social media, radio advertisements, published advertisements and out-of-home advertisements, and for large-scale pan-India events. Promoted through.

Campaigns like Hindustan Unilever's 'Roti Reminder' can be adopted in practice to promote behavioral change at the grassroots level through IEC. During the Kumbh Mela (2013), he partnered with over 100 dhabas and hotels at the Mela site to provide 2.5 million rotis on which “Lifeboy se hath dhoye kya?” was written. Through this activity, he promoted the habit of washing hands before eating to help combat diarrhea and other health problems.

Similarly, Vogue India ran a 'boys don't cry' campaign to spread awareness about violence against women, while global human rights organization 'Breakthrough' ran a 'bell bajao' campaign against domestic violence—both of which campaigns were a great private effort to tackle violence against women. Similarly, nationwide campaigns that will have the same thrust as the government schemes outlined above and are implemented through the collective efforts of central, state, and local self-government bodies, will encourage behavior change for men and boys. If we truly want to make an “India free from violence against women”, it is time that we as a nation start talking about it collectively. A good approach might be to launch a nationwide, sustained, and high-tech IEC campaign.